June 09, 2017

new journal - Australian Journal of Dementia Care - IN THIS ISSUE: JUNE/JULY 2017

Cover story: Let’s dance
... introduce Dancewise, a movement
…. The benefits of exercise
Exercise has been shown to be of benefit to people with dementia. A thorough meta-analysis of 1603 studies of exercise and dementia (Ahlskog et al 2011) showed that participants with dementia had better cognitive scores after six to 12 months of exercise compared with sedentary control groups. There were also significant improvements with respect to the prevention of dementia in participants without dementia. Many studies showed that the hippocampus and grey matter volumes increased with corresponding clinical observations including improved memory and cognition. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) also demonstrated improved neural connectivity.
 The benefits of dance
Dance is a form of aerobic exercise different to other forms of exercise because it combines physical activity with sensory stimulation (sensorimotor) and also has cognitive, social and affective components. ... Although cognitive activity reduced the risk of dementia, physical activity generally did not. The only exception however was dance, which lowered the dementia risk by a staggering 76%. Risk reduction was also generally related to the frequency of the activity.
Muller et al (2017) studied two groups of healthy seniors over an 18-month period – one on a standard fitness program involving repetitive movements and the other in a dance program that involved constantly changing, new movements. MRI, BDNF and neuropsychological tests were performed at baseline, six and 18 months. Dancers had higher levels of BDNF compared to the standard group.
There has been substantial research into the effects of dance therapy and music in people with and without dementia. The benefits of dance include improved cognition (through increasing neurogenesis and neural pathways via many mediators including BDNF), memory, mood, stress relief, self-confidence and social and psychological well-being. Dance integrates several brain functions simultaneously including kinaesthetic, musical and emotional, which enhances neuronal connectivity.
For these reasons, Dancewise classes are of particular benefit for people with dementia. The combined power of dance and music provides a proven, positive and cost-effective intervention for people in care homes and the community.
Acknowledgments Thanks to Dr Robyn Cosford for her support towards writing this article.

 Also in this issue
Celebrating AJDC’s fifth anniversary
Reflections on the achievements and future challenges in dementia care, to mark the 5th anniversary of the launch of the Australian Journal of Dementia Care

An assessment tool for fear and anxiety in dementia
RNs and allied health professionals are needed to help test the first-ever tool for assessing fear and anxiety in dementia (FADe tool) 

A collaborative approach to care
An update on the COPE (Australia) project which is implementing a program to optimise independence and problem solving…
Uniforms: the first and final frontier in dementia care
Sally Knocker argues that getting rid of uniforms is an essential part of culture change in care homes…
Preventing and responding to catastrophic reactions
Practical strategies to reduce or prevent the extreme physical and emotional reactions experienced by some people with dementia some examples include physical aggression such as hitting or pulling  and emotional outbursts such as shouting crying and screaming …discusses why people with dementia are prone to these…and how to avoid them and the  ABC model as well as person centered care with specific strategies for responding !

Salutogenics and residential care
Reframing the essentials of good design and care delivery for people with dementiauth?
Should we always tell people with dementia the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth? 

These resources are available for loan to members of AANSW - if you would like to reserve them please email the Library on nsw.library@alzheimers.org.au  Or phone 02 98884239

This is the report of the major Inquiry about Truth and Lying in Dementia Care, commissioned and funded by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

There are around 850,000 people living with dementia in the UK and the ageing population suggests this figure will rise significantly. Around half of these people may be living with different realities.

Carers often have challenging decisions to make when a person is living with different realities and beliefs - something that increases as the dementia accelerates. Should they agree or contradict? What should they say? This report looks to provide guidance in these situations.

Inside Aged Care
A photographic and poetry exhibition of life in aged care

Has dementia a future?
The final article in John Killick’s series, The Story of Dementia

Plus book reviews 

Music remembers me : connection and wellbeing in dementia
Music remembers me includes moving stories from music engagement along with practical advice and tips about introducing music into daily care. Author Kirsty Beilharz has woven together fascinating insights into music, our brains and dementia with practical advice on music engagement.

Children’s book for kids, teens and other with a parent with younger onset dementia - all by Australian authors!

email nsw.library@alzheimers.org.au to borrow resources
 bfn Michelle 

This Is My Family

This is a children’s book for kids with a parent with younger onset dementia.

Jack is 13 years old. He lives with his dad, mum, sister Amy and dog Sam.

Dad has dementia. Something isn’t right in daddy’s brain and Jack can help him to do things.  This kids’ book tells the story of Jack whose father lives with younger onset dementia.

An engaging tale for any child who knows a younger adult with dementia, it has been written by dementia care specialists, Barbara Chambers and Karen Harborow, with characters by renowned children’s animator Eddie Mort.

This 40 page kid’s picture book has been a labour of love, inspired by a young family we work with.)

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