April 20, 2016

Spaced retrieval is...

The expansion is done to ensure a high success level of recalling the information on the first time and increasing the time interval to make the information long lasting to help keep the information always accessible in their mind.

Throughout the development of spaced retrieval they have found that people using this technique with dementia are able to recall the information weeks even months later.

The technique has been successful in helping dementia patients remembering particular objects names, daily tasks, name face association, information about themselves, and many other facts and behaviours. Sufficient test evidence shows that spaced retrieval is valuable in learning new information and recalling information from the past.

Small combines the works and findings of quite a few scientists to come up with five reasons why spaced retrieval works: it helps show the relationship of routine memories, it shows the benefits of learning things with an expansion of time, it helps the patient with Alzheimer's dementia keeps their brain active, it has a high success level with little to no errors, and the technique is meaningful for the patient to do and remember more things. Joltin et al. (2003), had a caregiver train a woman with Alzheimer's by giving her the name of her grandchild over the phone while asking her to associate with the picture of the grandchild posted on the refrigerator. After training, the woman was able to recall the name of her grandchild five days later.

books by Gary Small include
 The Alzheimer's prevention program : keep your brain healthy for the rest of your life
by Gary Small & Gigi Vorgan.
The only “cure” for Alzheimer’s is prevention, and The Alzheimer’s Prevention Program shows the reader how to take control. The program begins with an assessment test, checking everything from recall to physical balance. Then, with a baseline established, it introduces the 7-Day jumpstart program—just seven days to begin to improve everything: memory training 101, including the author’s easy-to-use “Look, Snap, Connect” memory technique. Daily mental workouts to sharpen your brain: wordplay, letter scrambles, 3-D drawings, tricky equations, logic challenges, and number sequences. Healthy brain nutrition, filled with antioxidants— berries, avocados, raw vegetables; omega-3 rich, anti-inflammatory food choices, including fish, whole grains, legumes; and the memory-boosting spices most often found in Indian curries. Stress-reduction strategies to fortify neurons. Best aerobic and strength exercises.







Spaced retrieval step by step : an evidence-based memory intervention

With proper supports in place, people with memory loss can be taught to remember information and even learn tasks that will promote their independence. Spaced Retrieval Step by Step: An Evidence-Based Memory Intervention describes a simple, effective process that can significantly improve people’s daily performance, safety, and confidence.

This practical guide takes a fresh approach to Spaced Retrieval, teaching this innovative process step by step so you can better assist people in learning important actions and information, such as when to take medications or how to use a walker. With this proven memory-training strategy, you help people learn and store specific information that, with practice, can be easily accessed and retrieved.

Filled with practical insights and advice for care partners, this book also provides:
•screening and program forms (also available as downloadable PDF files)
•an easy-to-follow protocol for practicing Spaced Retrieval
•advice and tools for developing visual cuing

book review
Speech-language pathologists, occupational and physical therapists, nurses, and home care professionals at all levels, as well as family members, can use Spaced Retrieval to positively impact the lives of people with memory loss.
“As a Montessorian focused on care for the aging, this is a must read. Spaced Retrieval Step by Step has been needed for a long time, and I celebrate its arrival. The ability to change lives by improving quality of life for persons living with dementia and their caregivers is within the pages of this fabulous book. With a technique that is easy for anybody to learn and with the potential to achieve amazing outcomes, this is one of the most powerful books ever written to help people living with dementia do so with dignity, respect, and independence.”
—Anne Kelly, Managing Director
Montessori Ageing Support Services

Montessori methods for dementia : focusing on the person & the prepared environment by  Gail Elliot
This book focuses on helping people to learn about innovative approaches that are aimed at engaging people with dementia in life and living. As Gail quotes in her book, “the purpose of life is a life with purpose”. This quote highlights what Gail believes to be the missing ingredient in dementia care: helping people with dementia continue to engage in a life with purpose, and this is accomplished in Montessori programming by supporting both the person and the environment.

Applying Montessori Methods to the world of dementia care contributes to positive changes for those individuals living with dementia, as well as for their providers of care. Dementia programs in Canada and abroad have begun to adopt the Montessori Methods and trained staff has already noticed significant changes in the behaviour and function of their clients. Central to these approaches is the awareness that all behaviour has meaning. When you look at the reason behind the behaviours that are common to dementia, you often find needs are not being met. Montessori Methods have proven to effectively address these needs, and the result is that individuals with dementia who are introduced to these approaches experience a better quality of life.

Handbooks for memory and communication

These resources are available for loan to members of AANSW - if you would like to reserve them please email the Library on nsw.library@alzheimers.org.au
Memory handbook : a practical guide to living with memory problems
Alzheimer's Society UK
The memory handbook is for people with mild memory problems. It explains briefly how memory works, and is full of practical suggestions about living with these difficulties. Many of the ideas are suggestions from people who are also having problems with their memory. Others come from carers or are based on research. There are also some practical 'memory tools', to help you put in place the strategies and techniques set out in this handbook. The memory handbook includes the following sections:
•Understanding your memory •Memory problems •Coping with memory problems •Memory aids •Memory strategies •A healthy lifestyle •Help from others

***The library holds multiple copies of this resource for Support Groups***

A therapy technique for improving memory: Spaced retrievalJennifer A. Brush and Cameron J. Camp
A memory intervention called Spaced Retrieval has been found to improve retention of information in clients with memory impairment. This workbook takes speech-language pathologists and occupational, physical, music and art therapists, step-by-step through this useful technique. The book includes a review of the research, case studies, detailed instructions, helpful resources, and reproducible work sheets for use during therapy sessions. All are designed to help clients reach their therapy goals

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